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Robert Lucas


About the CoverVirgin and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist, c. 1490


Sandro Botticelli and Workshop (Italian, 1444/45-1510)


Italy, 15th century; Tempera and oil on wood; Framed: 115 x 12.5 cm (45 1/4 x 4 15/16 in.); Diameter: 68 cm (26 3/4 in.); Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1970.160


Image Credit: Cleveland Museum of Art


The perfectly round form, called a tondo, became popular during the 1440s. Made for domestic settings instead of churches, the circular format challenged the artist to create a harmonious, balanced composition within this more difficult shape. The attribution has been a matter of debate. Botticelli often collaborated with students, including Filippino Lippi, who would himself become a significant painter. Few specialists have doubted that Botticelli executed the central passages: the delicate modeling of the faces, the graceful poses, the figures’ profound interiority, and the diaphanous veil are the artist’s hallmarks. However, someone else in Botticelli’s studio probably painted Mary’s blue garment, also the most heavily restored part of the painting.


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About the Cover
Author Biography

Robert Lucas, Case Western Reserve University; member of the World Association of Medical Editors

-BA, University of Akron, 2001 -MA, University of Akron, 2003 Rob Lucas has over 20 years of nonfiction editing experience. His documentary, "Stella Walsh," screened at 35 film festivals, including Cannes, Austin, Florida, and Slamdance.